How to Learn Cryptocurrency Trading as a Beginner

Gianluca Lombardi, 7 min read
Last Updated: 6 November, 2023

cryptocurrency learners cyberpunk

Cryptocurrency trading presents a valuable opportunity to profit, but requires substantial knowledge before getting started. This comprehensive guide will walk you through everything you need to learn step-by-step.


Trading cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum can be highly profitable for those who take the time to educate themselves. However, the crypto market is extremely volatile and high-risk. Without understanding the basics of blockchain, cryptocurrency analysis, trading strategies, and risk management, losses can exceed your initial investment.

This guide will teach you what you need to know before start trading crypto, recommended resources for learning, practical steps for getting started, and how to keep improving over time. Follow these lessons, and you will be well-prepared to trade cryptocurrency successfully as a beginner.

Understanding the Basics of Cryptocurrency

Before trading cryptocurrencies, you must understand what they are and how they work at a fundamental level.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is digital money that uses cryptography to secure transactions and control the creation of new currency units. Bitcoin was the first decentralized cryptocurrency, founded in 2009.

Cryptocurrencies run on distributed public ledgers called blockchains that record all transactions chronologically. Blockchain technology enables peer-to-peer transfer of value without intermediaries.

The decentralized and borderless nature of cryptocurrencies appeal to those seeking alternative stores of value outside the traditional financial system.

How do Cryptocurrencies Work?

Cryptocurrencies use public and private key cryptography to transfer value on blockchains.

Each cryptocurrency wallet has a unique private key needed to authorize outgoing transactions. The wallet also has a public address to receive transactions from others. Users or entities interact with blockchains through wallet software.

Transactions are grouped into blocks that must be validated through a process called mining or staking. Miners/stakers verify transactions and are rewarded with newly minted cryptocurrency for their work.

The shared ledger distributed across the network updates when new blocks are added. This prevents double spending and counterfeiting without requiring a central authority.

Types of Cryptocurrencies

There are over 30,000 different cryptocurrencies. Some major types include:

Bitcoin – Decentralized digital currency and payment system with the largest market capitalization.

Altcoins – Alternative cryptocurrencies launched after Bitcoin like Ethereum, Solana, Cardano and Polkadot.

Stablecoins – Price stable cryptocurrencies pegged to external assets like the US dollar.

Memecoins – Cryptocurrencies based on viral internet memes and jokes like Dogecoin.

Understanding these major categories and key characteristics of individual cryptocurrencies will prepare you to evaluate potential investments and trading opportunities.

Preparing for Cryptocurrency Trading

To get started trading crypto, you need to prepare your trading instruments – namely a cryptocurrency wallet and exchange account. You also need to learn market analysis techniques.

Setting up a Cryptocurrency Wallet

A cryptocurrency wallet stores your private keys and enables you to receive, hold and transfer tokens and coins. Popular options include:

  • Web wallets like MetaMask
  • Hardware wallets like Ledger and Trezor
  • Paper wallets

Choose a wallet that supports the cryptocurrencies you wish to hold, offers robust security features, and easy backup options.

Choosing a Cryptocurrency Exchange

Cryptocurrency exchanges allow you to buy, sell and trade different digital assets. Compare factors like:

  • Supported countries and payment methods
  • Fees for trading, deposits, withdrawals
  • Security practices and insurance
  • Ease of use for beginners
  • Availability of educational resources

Click to read our reviews for top exchanges for beginners include eToro, Bybit, Bitget and BingX.

Fundamental Analysis vs Technical Analysis

There are two main approaches to analyzing and forecasting price movements:

Fundamental analysis considers intrinsic value based on underlying economic factors affecting the asset.

Technical analysis uses historical cryptocurrency price and volume patterns to forecast future movements based on recurring signals.

Combining both methods gives greater insight for trading decisions.

Risk Management in Crypto Trading

Cryptocurrencies are highly volatile. To manage risk:

  • Trade small position sizes relative to your capital
  • Diversify holdings across multiple assets
  • Use stop losses and take profit targets
  • Only trade with disposable income

Following prudent risk management rules prevents major losses.

Trading Strategies for Beginners

As a beginner focus on basic trading strategies like:

Day Trading

Day traders open and close positions within a single day aiming to profit from short term price movements. This requires constant market monitoring and high risk tolerance. Best suited to experienced traders.

Swing Trading

Swing traders hold positions for days to weeks aiming to profit from medium term trends and ranges. Easier strategy for beginners with less frequent trading.


Scalpers attempt to make small profits on many quick micro trades throughout the day. Requires advanced technical skills and constant attention. Highly risky for beginners.

Position Trading

Position traders use fundamental analysis to invest long term in projects with strong technology and adoption potential. A more passive strategy suitable for crypto investors with limited trading experience.

For more advanced strategies, check out these 16 best crypto trading strategies.

Technical Analysis Fundamentals

Technical analysis is crucial for identifying optimal entry and exit prices. Key concepts include:

Understanding Charts and Graphs

  • Candlestick charts show open, close, high and low prices over time.
  • Line graphs plot closing prices to show overall trends.

Key Indicators and What They Mean

  • Moving averages – Measure momentum and direction
  • RSI – Displays overbought/oversold levels
  • MACD – Indicates trend changes and strength

Patterns and Trend Analysis

  • Head and shoulders, flags, wedges indicate potential reversals
  • Support and resistance levels show buy/sell ranges
  • Trend lines connect swing highs/lows revealing prevailing trend

Study charts extensively across different timeframes to recognize signals.

We cover more on technical analysis knowledge here.

Practical Steps to Start Trading

Follow these steps to begin crypto trading as a beginner:

Creating a Trading Plan

Outline your:

  • Goals
  • Strategy
  • Risk management rules
  • Cryptocurrency preferences
  • Profit targets
  • Tools and techniques

Paper Trading

We advice newcomers to tip their toes by paper trading first and avoid risking real capital while learning the basics.

Here is how paper trading works.

Making Your First Trade

Start by trading established coins like Bitcoin in small amounts to minimize risk.

Advanced Trading Concepts

After mastering basics, learn more complex strategies:

Leveraged Trading

Borrow funds from an exchange to open larger positions aiming to multiply profits. Magnifies losses if positions move against you.

Using Bots for Trading

Automated trading bots execute trades 24/7 based on predefined algorithms. Effective for rapid high frequency trading.

Derivatives and Futures

Trade futures contracts or options based on the underlying value of cryptocurrencies without owning the asset. Adds complexity.

Research and paper trade advanced strategies extensively before attempting them with real capital.

Learn How to Trade Cryptocurrency from Experienced Traders

people learning cryptocurrency over VR

In addition to self-study resources, you can accelerate your learning by engaging with experienced cryptocurrency traders. Useful approaches include:

Follow Successful Traders on X

Many top crypto traders actively share insights and market analysis on Twitter. Following traders allows you to learn from their commentary and observe how they analyze market conditions.

Some recommended traders to follow we include in this article.

Copy Trading on Platforms Like Etoro

Copy trading allows beginner investors to automatically copy positions opened by experienced traders. Platforms like Etoro connect you with successful crypto traders whose strategies you can mirror.

Find out more details before getting started with eToro.

This hands-on approach lets you learn proven strategies through practice. You also benefit from the knowledge of advanced traders to potentially generate stronger returns.

Find our more about Copy Trading.

Attend Crypto Trading Courses

Many cryptocurrency exchanges, trading groups and educators offer in-person or online trading courses. Courses provide structured curriculums explaining key concepts with assignments to apply the techniques discussed.

Courses allow engaging with instructors directly to ask questions and gain feedback. Look for courses focused on technical analysis, solid risk management principles, and developing a disciplined trading plan.

  • Udemy – Structured crypto trading and technical analysis courses
  • Coursera – Blockchain explainers from top universities

Learning alongside professionals helps avoid common beginner mistakes and builds skills faster through direct mentorship.

Books and eBooks

  • “Mastering Bitcoin” – Explains the technical foundations of Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies
  • “Cryptoassets” – Covers investing and trading principles, strategies, and market analysis

Blogs, forums and News Sites

  • CoinDesk – Leading crypto news and market analysis
  • CoinTelegraph – News stories and educational guides
  • Reddit – Large crypto trading subreddits like r/cryptocurrency and r/bitcoinmarkets

Use a mix of books, structured courses, communities and news sites to learn all aspects of crypto trading comprehensively.

Staying Safe While Trading

Crypto trading carries risks beyond market volatility that beginners should mitigate:

Security Measures for Your Assets

  • Use hardware wallets for long term storage
  • Keep a minimal amount on exchanges
  • Enable two-factor authentication on accounts
  • Practice good password hygiene

Recognizing and Avoiding Scams

  • Ignore “free giveaways” that are too good to be true
  • Verify authenticity of new projects thoroughly first
  • Avoid pump and dump manipulation groups

More on common crypto trading scams to avoid.

Regulatory Compliance

  • Report capital gains from crypto profits on tax returns
  • Research local cryptocurrency regulations

Building Experience

Becoming a successful trader takes continuous learning and experience building over time:

Tracking Your Progress

Keep a journal of your trades including entries, exits, rationale, and performance to identify areas for improvement.

Continuous Learning and Improvement

Consume new trading education resources regularly. Stay up to date on market news and trends.

Joining Trading Groups

Connect with fellow traders in communities and social media groups to learn from each other.

Conclusion and Next Steps

Learning cryptocurrency trading requires significant dedication but brings exciting opportunities. This guide provided key foundations across cryptocurrency basics, analysis techniques, trading strategies, and risk management to prepare you to trade crypto assets successfully as a beginner.

For further learning, explore our advanced trading articles, subscribe to our email newsletter for updates, and connect with our trader community to discuss ideas. Consistent education and practice is the path to crypto trading mastery.

Additional Resources

Here are additional useful resources for learning cryptocurrency trading:

  • “Cryptoassets: The Innovative Investor’s Guide to Bitcoin and Beyond” by Chris Burniske
  • “Mastering Bitcoin: Programming the Open Blockchain” by Andreas Antonopoulos

Find which are our top 10 Bitcoin books.

Useful Tools

  • TradingView – Advanced charting platform
  • Coinigy – Crypto paper trading platform

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the risks of cryptocurrency trading?

Crypto trading carries significant risks including high volatility, lack of regulation, vulnerability to fraud and lack of asset insurance. Only trade with disposable income and use proper risk management strategies.

How much does it cost to start crypto trading?

You can start trading with as little as $50-$100 to purchase cryptocurrency on an exchange. Fees are typically a percentage of each transaction value.

What is the best strategy for beginner crypto traders?

Long term investing and swing trading are best suited to beginners. Active day trading requires deeper knowledge and experience trading volatile crypto markets.

How many hours per day do crypto traders spend analyzing markets?

It varies based on trading style. Day traders may spend 6-8 hours analyzing the markets. Long term investors may spend 1-2 hours per week or month. Begin with 1-2 hours daily.

What resources are available for learning crypto trading for free?

YouTube tutorials, blog articles, Reddit communities, exchange education sections, books from the library and paper trading platforms offer free education.

Gianluca Lombardi

Gianluca is the editor-in-chief of this site. A finance graduate, he is an active trader who has tested all trading platforms and knows all their secrets. Technology is his passion; he spends much of his free time in the metaverse. Gianluca loves learning new things, researching, discussing and writing about technology, especially when it comes to cryptocurrency and blockchain technology.